Heart Disease

Preventive and Diagnostic Medical Center

Arun Sehgal, MD

Internal Medicine located in Ramsey, NJ

Heart disease is the cause of a quarter of deaths in the United States every year. If you have a personal or family history of heart disease, Arun Sehgal, MD, offers expert treatment and disease management at Preventive and Diagnostic Medical Center in Ramsey, New Jersey. He can help you lead a healthy, active life. Call or make an appointment online today.

Heart Disease Q & A

What is heart disease?

Heart disease is an umbrella term for conditions that affect your heart and the blood vessels leading in and out of it. Some common types of heart disease include:

  • Arrhythmias
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Heart valve problems

While heart disease is serious, with effective medical care and lifestyle adjustments, you can lead a healthy and active lifestyle. 

What causes heart disease?

Many factors contribute to heart disease. For example, you may be born with a congenital abnormality such as a weak valve or thickened heart tissue that affects your cardiovascular function. Your congenital defect may also develop during your infancy as your heart grows and continues to develop. 

You may also be genetically predisposed to heart disease later in life. Additionally, your lifestyle can increase your risk of developing heart disease. For example, if you smoke, are overweight, or lead a sedentary lifestyle, your risk of heart disease increase. 

What are the symptoms of heart disease?

Heart disease, like many health problems, doesn’t necessarily cause any symptoms in its early stages. Although as your condition progresses, you may notice signs of heart disease, including:

  • Abnormally slow or rapid heartbeat
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Pain, numbness, and weakness in your extremities
  • Dizziness
  • Edema

If you’re concerned about heart disease, you should talk to Dr. Sehgal at Preventive and Diagnostic Medical Center about your symptoms. However, if you experience chest pain and shortness of breath, you should call 911 or go directly to your nearest emergency room.

How is heart disease treated?

Dr. Sehgal offers customized treatments and lifestyle advice to help you reduce your risk and manage your heart health. He begins with testing to diagnose your specific type of heart disease.

Dr. Sehgal often combines several treatment modalities to improve your health. For example, you may find that your health improves with lifestyle changes such as:

  • Following a low-fat, low-sodium diet
  • Adding exercise to your daily routine
  • Losing weight
  • Quitting smoking
  • Reducing stress

Dr. Sehgal can also prescribe medication to regulate your cholesterol levels, lower your blood pressure, and control your heartbeat. 

If necessary, Dr. Sehgal can refer you for procedures to open your blood vessels such as catheterization and stenting. He cooperates with your cardiologist to provide coordinated care. 

Call Preventive and Diagnostic Medical Center or schedule an appointment online today for customized, patient-focused care to improve your quality of life.