High Blood Pressure

Preventive and Diagnostic Medical Center

Arun Sehgal, MD

Internal Medicine located in Ramsey, NJ

Around a third of Americans have high blood pressure, but many people don’t know they have this potentially dangerous disease. If you are concerned about high blood pressure or have a family history of the disease, contact Arun Sehgal, MD, at Preventive and Diagnostic Medical Center in Ramsey, New Jersey. He offers expert diagnosis and customized treatment to lower your blood pressure and restore your health. Call the practice or make an appointment online today.

High Blood Pressure Q & A

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension, is a nearly symptomless condition that can severely impact your health. Your blood pressure is the force exerted on the insides of your blood vessels as your heart pumps blood through your body. 

Your blood pressure measurement has two numbers. Your systolic pressure is the force created when your heartbeats, and your diastolic pressure is the force when your heart rests between beats. Healthy blood pressure is expressed as 120/80 mmHg.

Any blood pressure measurement with a systolic reading over 120 is elevated, even if your diastolic reading is 80 or less. When your blood pressure is 130/80 or higher, you have hypertension, and your risk of severe health issues increases as your numbers get higher.

What are the signs of high blood pressure?

Hypertension doesn’t usually cause noticeable symptoms. Often, the first time that you become aware of high blood pressure is when you suffer a severe cardiac event such as heart attack or stroke. In some cases, you might develop symptoms such as headaches, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds.

You should have your blood pressure checked at least every two years between the ages of 18-40.  You should have annual checks from your 40th birthday or earlier if you have an elevated risk of high blood pressure.

Dr. Sehgal checks your blood pressure during every office visit to Preventive and Diagnostic Medical Center as well as during your annual physical. The earlier you get a diagnosis, the sooner you can start treatment to protect and improve your health.

What causes high blood pressure?

While genetic factors and your family history contribute to your risk of high blood pressure, in many cases, high blood pressure is caused by your lifestyle. Some of the risk factors for high blood pressure include:

  • Leading a sedentary lifestyle
  • Eating a high-salt, high-fat diet
  • Smoking 
  • Being overweight
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Stress

High blood pressure can also develop as a secondary condition when you have other health problems such as diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, or kidney disease. 

How is hypertension treated?

Dr. Sehgal offers expert, customized treatment plans combining medicine and lifestyle modifications to lower your blood pressure. If your blood pressure is elevated, you may be able to control your condition with adjustments to your diet and exercise habits. Additionally, weight loss can help lower your blood pressure. If you need help losing weight, talk to Dr. Sehgal about a customized weight loss program. 

However, if diet and exercise aren’t enough to improve your health, Dr. Sehgal can prescribe medicine to lower your blood pressure. For example, he may suggest diuretics, ACE inhibitors, or calcium channel blockers.

If you’re due for a blood pressure screening or if you’re concerned about hypertension, call Preventive and Diagnostic Medical Center or make an appointment online today.